Celltomography

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Contents

Intro

BiG Grid is a partner in a 21 months Cell Tomography project named "Optimization of automated 3d electronmicroscopy data analyses".

Rationale

Advanced analyses, easier

Electron microscopy is of invaluable importance for the study of the complex organization and the architecture of cellular structures. In recent years new and – mostly automated – electron microscopical techniques have been developed (like electron tomography (ET) and focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) that provide us with 3-dimensional (3D) information of the cell. This added dimension gave us new insights in cellular structures, and the interrelatedness between organelles and cellular processes.

Automated 3D analysis methods are still in their infancy. Data extraction is still mainly depending on manual segmentation techniques, and therefore time consuming and subjective.

Structured storage

Modern 3D electron microscopic recording methods and techniques (not only (S)TEM Tomography, but also FIB-SEM, ILEM and SEM) will have to cope with ever growing amounts of data. This amount of data needs to be stored in a structured and well-organized manner in order to be and remain accessible to its users. Currently data-storage is done by the individual researcher in many different ways and forms. A better structured and more uniform way of storing data and organizing data-management is a precondition for the primary science case, but it also creates the opportunity for long term use and thus enabling future reuse of electron microscopy information by research institutes and their distant collaborators.

Objectives

The primary objective of this BiG Grid project is, to improve computer intensive analysis methods - including 3D template matching of 3D electron microscopy tomography data. In addition, the improvements include providing broad access of these methods to the 3D electron microscopy community. The secondary objective is to implement a data storage system for 3D electron microscopy data.

In order to achieve these objectives, an intensive collaboration of expert partners is needed to establish an infrastructure for the analysis of 3D electron microscopy data.

Activities

This project contains 5 main activities

  1. Reduce the total compute time and improve the compute capacity by implementation of existing 3D analysis algorithms on GPU's
  2. Improvement of the 3D analysis process by implementation of additional analysis and information management tools, objectifying and improving reliability of 3D data mining of electron tomography volumes
  3. Improvement of the accessibility by creating an intuitive user environment
  4. Improvement of storage, retrieval, archival and the controlled sharing of 3D data for electron microscopy data-analysis
  5. Ensuring continuity and availability of the created solutions during and after the duration of the project

Involved

This project stems from a previous collaboration (IOP: IGE03012/VL-E: CellTom) in a IOP genomics programme. The Sara e-science support team has assisted in creating the project proposal and has established the project organization.

The foundation of this project is a proposal by the 3D electron microscopy group of the Utrecht University. This proposal is supported by the Leiden University Medical Center.

Contact

Chair of steering committee: Jan Andries Post
Chair of project team: Misjaël Lebbink
Project coordinator: Tom Visser, Tom [dot] Visser [at] sara.nl

Links

Download Software

  1. Omnimatch software (GPU/Parallel/Sequential) at github http://github.com/pieterb/Omnimatch
  2. Latest development version of CTII https://github.com/souley/ct2i
  3. User documentation of CTII http://wiki.biggrid.nl/wiki/index.php/CTii
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